Hip Dysplasia is normally an inherited condition where the head of the femur (the ball) does not fit tightly into the acetabulum (the socket). It is often seen when the acetabulum (socket) is more flat than it is rounded and therefore the head of the femur cannot slot into it as it would normally. Occasionally this can be down to lifestyle and environment, however in most cases it is inherited.
It is most common in larger breeds and can be seen at a very young age. New bone growth will form as the condition develops and can result in osteoarthritis as the dog gets older. It can also be seen as the dog twisting during movement due to the hip luxating and moving out of the acetabulum. It can be an extremely painful disease making movement extremely uncomfortable. As the ball and socket do not articulate correctly this results in painful and damaging friction. The weight on the joint strains the coxofemoral joint capsule which becomes damaged via strain and friction. This causes inflammation and pain.
Surgery can be an option to help stabilise the joints.
• Intolerance to being handled
• Reluctance to exercise
• Inability to use stairs
• Stiffness especially following rest
• Twisting movement when moving
• Bunny hopping when trotting
• Weakness to the hind leg
• Built up front end
• Incorrect posture
Massage benefits include:
• Relieves tension in the muscles
• Relieves pain
• Increases range of movement and flexibility
• Helps correct gait
• Strengthens the muscles
• Reduces inflammation
• Reduces lameness
• Relieves stiffness