A bone that is partially or completely broken is referred to as a fractured or broken bone.
The different classifications of a fracture are:
- Closed – where the skin is intact and the bone is fractured
- Compound – where the fractured bone protrudes through the skin. These type of fractures can cause infections as the bone can become contaminated with dirt and debris
- Epiphyseal – commonly seen in young dogs whose bones are still soft and growing. The growth plates (epiphyseal plates) are still spongy with non calcified cells and are easily fractured being the weakest part of the bone. Common bones affected are the distal ends of the femur and humerus
- Greenstick – the bone is intact but looking at x-rays cracks will be seen
A traumatic event or impact is the primary cause for a broken bone, however certain diseases including cancer can be a cause.
• Pain – especially when moving
• Deformity at the area of injury
• Reluctance to bear weight
• Resistance to touch
• Bleeding in the case of open/compound fractures
Once the cast is removed massage can help to speed up muscle recovery. Prior to cast removal other areas of the body can be massaged to assist recovery.
Benefits of massage include:
• Speeds recovery through lymphatic drainage/waste removal
• Increased circulation
• Helps reduce stress
• Reduces stiffness
• Helps relieve areas of overcompensation
• Reduces inflammation
• Reduces oedema
• Promotes range of movement